Most people locate a house by using the street address and this is sufficient for most purposes. A street address, however, is insufficient for legal documents affecting the ownership of land. Further, street addresses frequently change as streets are renamed or builders change the direction of houses on a lot. Appraisals, sales contracts, deeds, security deeds, and mortgages need more accuracy than a street address provides.
The legal description of land describes land in such a way that a competent surveyor could find its boundaries using nothing more than the description.
There are 3 types of legal descriptions. They are: