Government Survey System

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The government survey system is useful for identifying large tracts and rural property.  The government survey system is the synonymous the Rectangular System of surveying land.  The rectangular survey system of surveying land was established by congress in 1785 to standardize the description of land acquired by the new federal government.

 

The government survey system is useful for identifying large tracts and rural property.  The government survey system is the synonymous the Rectangular System of surveying land.  The rectangular survey system of surveying land was established by congress in 1785 to standardize the description of land acquired by the new federal government.

 

Principal Meridians run north and south and Base Lines run east and west.
Township Lines run east and west parallel to the principal meridian six miles apart and form strips of land called Township Tiers.
Range Lines run north and south six miles apart and form strips of land called Ranges.
Townships are the squares formed by the township lines and range lines.  Each township is six miles by six miles (36 square miles).
Sections are the squares formed by dividing a township into 36 parts.  A section is 1 mile by 1 mile and contains 640 acres.

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